Why and When To Be Tested for Prediabetes

download (70)Type 2 diabetes is not identified as often as it could be, given how much we understand about the disease. But, at least society as a whole is aware of the condition. Most people know it’s brought on by high blood sugar levels as the result of insulin resistance. While many people continue to underestimate the disease, at least there’s a feeling of familiarity when the topic is raised.

Unfortunately, fewer adults are aware of prediabetes, which is the condition that exists when you have a blood sugar reading of 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 7 mmol/L). This reading is not quite high enough to give a diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes. As a result, many adults will be afflicted with full-blown Type 2 diabetes because they are not aware they have gradually rising blood sugar levels.

It is always important to stop a disease in its early stages. In the case with many cancers, precautions are taken and everything that can be done is carried out to increase an individual’s chances of overcoming the disease. While Type 2 diabetes isn’t in the same class as cancer, prediabetes can be reversed when identified. This is as blood sugar levels start to rise along with insulin levels. The insulin levels rise in an attempt to force the sugar out of your bloodstream and into your cells. It’s these rising levels of insulin that cause weight gain.

Aside from elevated blood sugar levels, there are several factors typically characterizing a Type 2 diabetic…

  • they are usually but not always, overweight or obese, and
  • are physically inactive with poor eating habits.

Usually, uncontrollable factors are involved, such as a family history of diabetes. But it bears mentioning it’s the controllable elements that will always play a more prominent role.

What underlies the condition as a whole is high blood sugar, which can be treated by…

  • improving your food choices,
  • increasing physical activity, and
  • losing weight.

Which means attention needs be given to your blood sugar levels as you determine your chances of developing Type 2 diabetes in the short-term.

If you are an adult, you owe it to yourself to be tested for prediabetes. It becomes especially critical to get tested as you age into your 30’s and beyond, especially if you are overweight.

Type 2 diabetes typically affects those aged 45 and older. But since society as a whole is not as healthy as it once was, prediabetes can indeed begin to develop much earlier than we have come to expect.

Schedule an appointment with your doctor. He will order a fasting blood sugar test which will give you the information your need to avoid the devastating consequences of unmanaged prediabetes.

Although managing your disease can be very challenging, Type 2 diabetes is not a condition you must just live with. You can make simple changes to your daily routine and lower both your weight and your blood sugar levels. Hang in there, the longer you do it, the easier it gets.


Which Medication Is Best for Preventing Diabetic Eye Disease

images (22)Scientists at the Ajou University School of Medicine and several Research Institutions in Korea found the class of medicines known as the gliptins slowed the development of diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy is the most common kind of eye disease in people who have been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. In this research it was revealed 7 out of 28 Type 2 diabetics showed a slower development of diabetic retinopathy. In June of 2016, the journal Retina, reported 25 percent of the diabetics taking gliptins, while 26 of 54 diabetics, almost half the diabetics taking other antidiabetic medications, showed the usual disease progression. The researchers suggested gliptins could be helpful for slowing diabetic retinopathy, and that further studies are warranted.

Gliptins make up a class of oral antihyperglycemic or antidiabetic drugs that lower blood sugar by lowering the levels of glucagon, a hormone that raises blood sugar levels, and by slowing stomach emptying. When the stomach empties slowly, blood sugar levels stay even.

The gliptins include…

  • Sitagliptin
  • Saxagliptin
  • Linagliptin
  • Vildagliptin
  • Alogliptin.

The gliptins can cause pancreatitis, so Type 2 diabetics taking one of the drugs in the gliptins range of oral antidiabetic drugs, needs to report severe abdominal pain, sometimes spreading to the back, sometimes with nausea and or vomiting, to their doctor. Kidney disease is also a possibility, so Type 2 diabetics must be tested for kidney function before starting the medication. More common side effects include…

  • cold,
  • cough,
  • a headache, and
  • runny or stuffy nose.

Diabetic retinopathy is a condition in which the back of the eye, where the image of an object being viewed is formed, is damaged. It is the most common form of diabetic eye disease. In developed countries where trachoma is rare, diabetic retinopathy is one of the leading causes of blindness.

There are two stages of retinopathy, nonproliferative and proliferative…

Nonproliferative is the first stage, in which damaged blood vessels leak blood or cholesterol into the center of the eye. Some vessels close down entirely.

In proliferative retinopathy, new vessels form in an attempt to supply oxygen to the eye after the original vessels shut down. The new vessels are abnormal and unable to carry blood competently. They can be accompanied by scar tissue. The macula, near the center of the retina, is responsible for bright light and color vision. In proliferative retinopathy, the macula can become swollen with fluid and vision suffers.The longer a person does not control their blood sugar, the greater is their risk of having diabetic retinopathy. Ways of preventing the condition include…

  • good diabetic control,
  • regular eye examinations and care,
  • a healthy blood pressure,
  • maintaining healthy kidneys, and
  • ensuring your heart is healthy.

Looking at the Benefits of Including Raspberries in Your Diabetic Eating Plan

download (69)Looking to brighten up your eating plan? Eating foods the color of the rainbow each and every day is an excellent way to get the nutrition your body needs. And, there’s no better way to achieve this than with raspberries…

  • raspberries are one of the lowest sugar-containing fruits you can eat, so ideal for those with Type 2 diabetes looking to manage their blood sugar levels.
  • raspberries are also very high in fiber, so will help to stabilize your blood sugar and can also provide an excellent way to keep your cholesterol levels in check.

Let’s go over a few of the benefits about raspberries so you can see why this fruit is a must-have in your diabetic eating plan…

1. They May Help Enhance Fat Metabolism. Want an extra boost to your fat burning potential? Consider raspberries. Researchers have found a particular phytonutrient found in raspberries called rheosmin is especially beneficial for enhancing the level of fat metabolism taking place in the cell. By indulging in a few raspberries, you may increase the amount of your body’s fat burning.

2. Decreased Oxidative Stress. One of the most compelling benefits of raspberries is the fact they can help lower oxidative stress in your body. Each day we encounter oxidative stress, often from our environment or from toxins found in foods or different chemicals we come into contact with, and this can increase our risk factor for cancer and disease.

Raspberries have been shown to help lower the incidence rates of particular types of cancer including…

  • breast cancer,
  • cervical cancer,
  • colon cancer,
  • esophageal cancer, and
  • prostate cancer.

3. Improved Blood Sugar Regulation. Another compound raspberries have, is adiponectin. Adiponectin is known to help with balancing blood sugar levels and blood fats in the body. It may also contribute to improving insulin regulation in those with Type 2 diabetes and could also potentially help to negate the harmful effects of insulin resistance due to carrying around excess body weight.

So in essence, if you are currently working on losing body weight and want to manage your blood sugar levels, raspberries are a must-have for success.

4. Brain Boosting Benefits. Finally, raspberries may also help to boost your brain power as well. Those who consume raspberries as part of their regular eating plan may show improved memory while also delaying the cognitive decline many people experience with aging.

While blueberries are commonly regarded as the brain boosting berry, don’t overlook what raspberries have to offer.

Keep these points in mind and next time you are in the grocery store, consider adding raspberries to your cart.

Although managing your disease can be very challenging, Type 2 diabetes is not a condition you must just live with. You can make simple changes to your daily routine and lower both your weight and your blood sugar levels. Hang in there, the longer you do it, the easier it gets.


t’s Been Found Omega-3 Fatty Acids Help to Lower HbA1c Levels!

download (68)Omega-3 fatty acids or linolenic acids are recommended for treating Type 2 diabetes, but how they work remains a mystery. In a study reported on by the Iran Journal of Public Health in March of 2016, scientists at Tehran University looked at how the omega-3s might affect particular enzymes. They could not find any effect on the enzymes, but the good news is the omega-3 fatty acids did lower their HbA1c levels.

A total of ninety people who had previously been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes acted as participants and were divided into two groups…

  1. the diabetic participants in the treatment group took 2714 mg of omega-3 fatty acids each day for two months.
  2. the other participants who too had Type 2 diabetes, were given a placebo.

There was no change in enzyme activity, but the HbA1c reading was significantly lowered in the omega-3 group.

Good vegan sources of omega-3 fatty acids include…

  • flaxseed oil – 1 tablespoon, 7196 mg
  • walnuts – 1 ounce, 562 mg
  • walnut oil – 1 tablespoon, 1404 mg
  • chia seeds – 1 ounce, 4915 mg
  • cloves – 1 tablespoon, 278 mg

One teaspoon of flaxseed oil provides about the same amount of omega-3 fat as the study participants were given. A half ounce of chia seeds would do the same. Use flaxseed oil in salad dressings or dribbled over steamed vegetables. Or make pesto according to the directions given at cookieandkate.com. The list of ingredients is as follows…

  • garlic
  • kale
  • hemp seeds or walnuts
  • lemon juice
  • pepper
  • red pepper flakes
  • flaxseed oil

Serve over whole wheat pasta and enjoy!

Commercial supplements are also available. Check with your doctor before starting them and take only the recommended dose. They should not take the place of prescribed medication.

Omega-3 is called an essential oil because our body cannot make it. It has been shown to be useful in preventing heart and blood vessel disease, including strokes. Having Type 2 diabetes increases the risk of heart disease and strokes. Some studies report walnuts have the ability to lower blood levels of triglycerides (fats) and cholesterol. The molecule is an anti-inflammatory agent, thought to reduce the risk of developing…

  • Type 2 diabetes,
  • cancer, and
  • arthritis.

A diet high in omega-3…

  • lowers blood pressure readings in people with hypertension, and
  • is necessary for healthy brain growth and development.

One study showed stronger bones in women over 65 taking omega-3 supplements. Researchers are looking at omega-3 for treating…

  • depression,
  • schizophrenia,
  • bipolar disorder, and
  • attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Although managing your disease can be very challenging, Type 2 diabetes is not a condition you must just live with. You can make simple changes to your daily routine and lower both your weight and your blood sugar levels. Hang in there, the longer you do it, the easier it gets.