Type 2 diabetes is not identified as often as it could be, given how much we understand about the disease. But, at least society as a whole is aware of the condition. Most people know it’s brought on by high blood sugar levels as the result of insulin resistance. While many people continue to underestimate the disease, at least there’s a feeling of familiarity when the topic is raised.
Unfortunately, fewer adults are aware of prediabetes, which is the condition that exists when you have a blood sugar reading of 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 7 mmol/L). This reading is not quite high enough to give a diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes. As a result, many adults will be afflicted with full-blown Type 2 diabetes because they are not aware they have gradually rising blood sugar levels.
It is always important to stop a disease in its early stages. In the case with many cancers, precautions are taken and everything that can be done is carried out to increase an individual’s chances of overcoming the disease. While Type 2 diabetes isn’t in the same class as cancer, prediabetes can be reversed when identified. This is as blood sugar levels start to rise along with insulin levels. The insulin levels rise in an attempt to force the sugar out of your bloodstream and into your cells. It’s these rising levels of insulin that cause weight gain.
Aside from elevated blood sugar levels, there are several factors typically characterizing a Type 2 diabetic…
- they are usually but not always, overweight or obese, and
- are physically inactive with poor eating habits.
Usually, uncontrollable factors are involved, such as a family history of diabetes. But it bears mentioning it’s the controllable elements that will always play a more prominent role.
What underlies the condition as a whole is high blood sugar, which can be treated by…
- improving your food choices,
- increasing physical activity, and
- losing weight.
Which means attention needs be given to your blood sugar levels as you determine your chances of developing Type 2 diabetes in the short-term.
If you are an adult, you owe it to yourself to be tested for prediabetes. It becomes especially critical to get tested as you age into your 30’s and beyond, especially if you are overweight.
Type 2 diabetes typically affects those aged 45 and older. But since society as a whole is not as healthy as it once was, prediabetes can indeed begin to develop much earlier than we have come to expect.
Schedule an appointment with your doctor. He will order a fasting blood sugar test which will give you the information your need to avoid the devastating consequences of unmanaged prediabetes.
Although managing your disease can be very challenging, Type 2 diabetes is not a condition you must just live with. You can make simple changes to your daily routine and lower both your weight and your blood sugar levels. Hang in there, the longer you do it, the easier it gets.