Can You Prevent Diabetes With a Healthy Lifestyle?

download (75)While there is ample information available on how to prevent Type 2 diabetes, it seems as if more attention is given to its treatment. Which means people are not looking to prevent Type 2 diabetes, and this leads to the development of the condition in those who are susceptible to the disease. There is no doubt heredity plays a role, and a strong family history of diabetes is a significant risk factor. But an environment that favors overeating and inactivity are also fueling the worldwide diabetes epidemic.

With a diabetes diagnosis, an individual considers treatment more seriously than he or she ever considered prevention. It’s a shame not enough attention is given to prevention because it’s clearly a better option than to have to treat it. Especially when you consider preventing unstable and high blood sugar readings are not as complicated as many have been led to believe.

Type 2 diabetes is a predictable disease. It’s easy to determine if or when it would likely develop in many adults. By taking an objective measure of one’s health and determining the presence of certain risk factors, the risk of developing full-blown Type 2 diabetes can be readily determined. If the risk is there, preventive measures become an unspoken necessity whether or not the individual cares about their health.

To prevent prediabetes or Type 2, all that is required is the discipline to live a healthy lifestyle. A way of life conducive to better well-being. Physical activity, a proper diet, and weight management are key components that go without saying. But it also pays to avoid…

  • drinking large amounts of alcohol, and
  • to eliminate stress

as much as possible.

With stress, it becomes difficult to control your eating. Your physical activity levels will likely decrease, and your sleep and overall health begin to suffer. Therefore, it’s just as important to monitor the amount of stress in your life, as it is to regulate your eating.

With a healthy lifestyle, diabetes can be thwarted. And not only this: heart and cardiovascular complications, various cancers, and other common diseases can be prevented also.

That said, risk factors won’t suddenly disappear overnight. Just because you begin to exercise and improve your eating plan today, it doesn’t mean your blood sugar will immediately return to a healthy range. But know it’s the sum of small changes that produce significant results. As long as you are consistent, you are guaranteed to succeed.

With consistent discipline, you will be able to prevent Type 2 diabetes and a host of other complications that commonly affect aging adults. Without a doubt, you have nothing to lose and everything to gain by investing in your health.

Although managing your disease can be very challenging, Type 2 diabetes is not a condition you must just live with. You can make simple changes to your daily routine and lower both your weight and your blood sugar levels. Hang in there, the longer you do it, the easier it gets.


How to Deal With a Diabetes Diagnosis

download (74)A Type 2 diabetes diagnosis is a life crisis for many people. And that is understandable. After all, Type 2 diabetes is not a disease to be taken lightly. It is better to be greatly distressed by it than to be apathetic, even if it causes you stress.

Sometimes it takes frustration, anxiety, and worry before you feel you must change. As any individual who has successfully made the transition from obese to lean can attest to, there comes a time where enough is enough. An intervention is necessary, and it becomes the only option. Such circumstances often inspire drastic measures, but it’s better to risk your sanity temporarily to improve your health than it is to see matters continue to get worse.

If you’ve recently been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, don’t despair. You may feel frustrated or upset. You may feel some remorse for your wrongdoings over the years. But there’s nothing you can do about the past, so it’s best to move on.

What’s more important is how you live your life going forward. Type 2 diabetes affects you in the present. Its development also escalates or quells by your doings in the present. So shift your attention to where it’s warranted. Make peace with your past indiscretions with your eating plan and commit to making the changes to ensure you live healthily in the future.

Just because you have Type 2 diabetes today does not mean you have to be an ill diabetic in the future. At the very least you can take preventive measures to guarantee you won’t succumb to the worst complications of adult-onset diabetes. While you’re likely aware of heart disease and stroke, even the “minor” complications of Type 2 diabetes can be prevented by stabilizing your blood sugar level as advised by your doctor. Why risk the health of your kidneys or the well-being of your vision? High blood sugar is chronically toxic to the body, so it’s wise to do what you can to treat your hyperglycemia before it exacerbates further.

The first step to dealing with a Type 2 diabetes diagnosis is accepting your condition. The next step is crucial, and it requires you to commit to a healthier lifestyle to help you manage or treat your disease entirely. Make no mistake; your efforts can play a significant role in improving your health, so you’re not a possible victim of diabetes complications in the future.

You could start with weight loss. You could begin by overhauling your eating plan, or taking up physical activity seriously. Frankly, it doesn’t matter where you start to improve your lifestyle, as long as you do.

Type 2 diabetes may have arrived, but it doesn’t have to stay.



Is Yogurt A Do Or Don’t For Your Diabetic Diet Plan?

images (23)One snack many Type 2 diabetics find themselves turning to time and time again is yogurt. But is yogurt the healthiest snack food you can be putting into your body? Is it one that will fuel your body well and keep your blood sugar under control?

The answer is both yes and no. It depends on the type of yogurt you are choosing to include in your eating plan.

Here are a few facts to add to your “yogurt” knowledge bank…

1. Probiotics. The first thing to note is one of the healthiest elements of yogurt is the fact it can contain probiotics. But, don’t think because you are eating yogurt it means you will always be taking in those probiotics. Probiotics are not included in all types of yogurt.

Not all brands contain probiotics, so be sure to check the label on the particular brand you are considering. If it doesn’t say it contains live bacterial cultures, chances are you are not going to be taking in the dose of healthy bacteria you think you are.

2. Sugar Content. Next, also take note of the sugar content. Now, all milk products are going to contain lactose, so you will never find yogurt that is completely free from all types of sugar and carbohydrates.

Some yogurt varieties include far more added sugar than others. Check for plain yogurt only which will almost always contain less sugar. If you want to add flavor, you can then add some fresh berries to the mix.

3. Protein Content. If you are serving yogurt as a snack, you will want to be sure it contains a good dose of protein as well. The protein content in yogurt can vary but for best results, choose a variety of Greek yogurt. You’ll find it naturally contains at least 50% more protein than a regular yogurt variety.

With a higher protein content, this means it contains fewer carbs as well, making it ideal for blood sugar management. The protein content slows down the absorption of any carbs the yogurt contains and helps to prevent blood sugar spikes.

4. The Fat. Last but not least, also watch the fat content. Yogurt varieties come in different levels of fat so choose one low in fat but not entirely fat-free. Usually, when all the fat is removed, sugar is added to improve the taste and for someone watching their blood sugar levels, a little fat can help things along.

So there’s your guide to yogurt. If you choose the right variety, it can be a healthy addition to your diabetic eating plan.

Although managing your disease can be very challenging, Type 2 diabetes is not a condition you must just live with. You can make simple changes to your daily routine and lower both your weight and your blood sugar levels. Hang in there, the longer you do it, the easier it gets.



Does Having Diabetes Mean a Slow Recovery From Pneumonia

images (25)Having a diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes is known to have an adverse effect on the immune system. According to a study reported on in the British Medical Journal, people with a diabetes diagnosis are likely to have difficulty recovering from pneumonia.

Scientists at the Universidade Nova de Lisboa and several other research institutions in Portugal looked at the records of over 74,00 Type 2 diabetics hospitalized with a diagnosis of pneumonia…

  • the 2012 records showed 28.1 percent of pneumonia patients also had Type 2 diabetes.

It was also found Type 2 diabetics averaged longer hospital stays, and a total of 15.2 percent of patients with diabetes versus 13.5 percent of non-diabetic patients died from pneumonia.

From the above results, it was concluded having a diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes raises the risk of developing pneumonia as well as resulting in a slowed recovery and a higher risk of death. One more good reason to prevent or control all aspects of your Type 2 diabetes.

The kind of pneumonia in the study was community acquired, meaning it began outside a hospital or as the result of being in any other healthcare setting. Ways to prevent pneumonia include…

  • staying in general good health,
  • eating a healthful diet,
  • drinking eight glasses of water each day,
  • keeping your blood sugar levels stable and within a healthy range,
  • staying away from large crowds, especially when outbreaks of communicable diseases have been reported.


The same types of viruses causing colds and flu can also cause pneumonia. Viruses can continue their progress when antihistamines and over-the-counter cold and flu medications are used to dry up a runny nose. The dryness allows the virus to stay and cause further damage. Fortunately, cases are usually mild and often resolve without treatment.


  • bacteria is often a common cause, and can be treated effectively with antibiotics.
  • bacteria-like organisms can cause walking pneumonia, so-called because it does not require hospitalization. The condition is often cured within three days when prescribed medications are taken as directed.


  • fungal pneumonia is rare in healthy people, but people with Type 2 diabetes are at a higher risk of developing this form of pneumonia. The fungus is carried by birds and found in dirt. Activities that result in soil inhalation, such as archeological digs, place the professionals and volunteers at the digs at high risk. Some types of fungal infection can be deadly, but antifungal medications are curative.

Signs and symptoms of pneumonia include…

  • fever,
  • chills,
  • sweating or a clammy skin,
  • fatigue,
  • loss of appetite,
  • shortness of breath,
  • fast breathing,
  • shallow breathing,
  • a cough, often producing mucus or sputum, may be green or blood-tinged,
  • sharp chest pain, often made worse by inhaling or coughing,
  • fever.

If signs and symptoms point to you having pneumonia, do not hesitate to go to the nearest emergency room or urgent care center.

Although managing your disease can be very challenging, Type 2 diabetes is not a condition you must just live with. You can make simple changes to your daily routine and lower both your weight and your blood sugar levels. Hang in there, the longer you do it, the easier it gets.



Is Anti-Cholesterol Surgery Helpful in Protecting Against Diabetes?

images (26)Surgery to bypass part of the ileum, a length of the small intestine, is known to have beneficial effects on cholesterol and blood fat levels. The procedure is known to cut down on heart disease. Another result of the procedure is to raise levels of a molecule called glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1). This molecule…

  • stimulates insulin secretion from the pancreas,
  • improves insulin sensitivity, and
  • lowers the release of sugar from the liver.

Researchers at the University of Minnesota in the United States found evidence a partial ileal bypass reduces the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. In their study, reported on in January of 2016 in the journal Surgical Obesity and Related Diseases, the scientists compared the results of individuals who had undergone a partial ileal bypass with those who had not, the control group. A total of 8 participants or 10 percent of the surgical patients, had developed Type 2 diabetes. Among the control group, 17, or 25.8 percent of the group had developed the condition. The scientists concluded that partial ileal bypass surgery can protect people from developing Type 2 diabetes for over 30 years.

The ileum lies below the stomach, duodenum, and jejunum, forming the third part of the small intestine. The small intestine’s job is to absorb nutrients and water and to make GLP-1. When part of the ileum is removed, more nutrients are exposed to the L cells, which produce GLP-1. Removal of a part of the ileum is thought to stimulate the L cells into making more GLP-1. The ileum absorbs…

  • vitamin B12,
  • calcium and
  • bile salts.

Bile salts are necessary for absorbing cholesterol. Although most cholesterol is absorbed in the duodenum and jejunum, they require bile salts for absorption. Bile salts from the ileum are absorbed into the blood. From there they travel to the upper levels of the small intestine, where they help with cholesterol absorption.

Known side effects of partial ileal bypass include…

  • diarrhea,
  • lowered calcium absorption,
  • lowered vitamin B12 absorption,
  • kidney stones.

Diarrhea resolves spontaneously. Vitamin B12 is needed to make red blood cells and, following this type of surgery, patients need to have B12 injections to prevent anemia.

In general, possible side effects of every surgical procedure include…

  • abnormal bleeding,
  • infection,
  • untoward reaction to anesthetic or antibiotics.

The procedure might be something to discuss with your doctor if you have high cholesterol or risk factors for developing Type 2 diabetes. Risk factors such as…

  • obesity,
  • a sedentary lifestyle,
  • prediabetes or high blood sugar,
  • a family history of diabetes in parents or siblings,
  • a history of gestational diabetes or giving birth to a baby weighing over 9 pounds.

Although managing your disease can be very challenging, Type 2 diabetes is not a condition you must just live with. You can make simple changes to your daily routine and lower both your weight and your blood sugar levels. Hang in there, the longer you do it, the easier it gets.


Prediabetes, Diabetes Type 1 and Diabetes Type 2 All Feature Progressive Glycation of Molecules

download (72)Glycation. Glycation is a random reaction between the ordinary glucose molecule and any tissue or any macromolecule in our bodies. Glycation is not enzyme-directed. It is not enzyme-facilitated. Glycation serves no positive purpose. Glycation is a chemical reaction between a substance – glucose – which has the property of sharing an electron with another molecule – and a receiving molecule, most usually a protein or lipoprotein. A glycation event is an irreversible union of glucose with a receptive molecule. Receptive molecules include hemoglobin, capillary endothelial cell membrane proteins, and structural membrane proteins of numerous organs, such as kidneys and nerves. Glycation reactions in our bodies occur when glucose molecules circulate too long in the blood stream – having not been transported into cells and tissues by insulin. How long is too long? Too long most certainly is greater than 3 hours. Even two hours can be too long. This random attachment of glucose changes the basic nature of the proteins and membranes. Glycation is undesirable, for it initiates and perpetuates disease on the organs affected.

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus features relative insulin lack or insulin deficiency as its basic root cause. Insulin is present but in sub-normal concentrations. Insulin secretion in response to a glucose-containing meal is low, sluggish, and sub-normal, as well. The basic problem resides at the pancreas beta-cell, which are the cells where insulin is manufactured and secreted in response to glucose surges in our blood stream. Physicians can and do prescribe various insulin forms and dosages to repair and remedy the insulin deficiencies. But, a basic second problem can persist – glucose is not transported into target organ cells as promptly as would occur in the perfectly healthy state. Hence, blood glucose concentrations can be lowered with prescribed insulin preparations, but glucose absorbed from our meals still circulates too long and at higher than normal concentrations. Then, glycation events result. Tissue membranes are affected. Capillary wall membranes are affected. Organ disease results and progresses.

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus features resistance to insulin action at the target tissue level. Insulin production and insulin secretion by the pancreas beta-cells is not below normal. In fact, insulin secretion is either normal or above normal. Most commonly, insulin secretion and presence rises in a biologic attempt to overcome the insulin resistance and to transport circulating glucose into the target tissues. Physicians will prescribe various pill forms of diabetes medications that aim to improve blood glucose and will even add various forms of insulin on top of the already present natural insulin. These interventions can help. Still, though, the blood stream glucose concentrations will linger in higher-than-normal ranges, perpetrating and perpetuating glycation events at various sites.

Prediabetes. Prediabetes is a recognizable condition where an individual experiences elevated blood glucose concentrations after a long fasting period, or will exhibit higher-than-physiologically normal glycated hemoglobin levels. Yes, elevated glycated hemoglobin events labels a person as being prediabetic. The elevated glycated hemoglobin concentration is not severe, but it is real. Hence, the person is diagnosed with prediabetes. Why call this prediabetes if glycation events are super-normal? What not call this condition Type 3 Diabetes? Well, prediabetes is a condition that does not mandate a diabetic pill or an insulin prescription. Prediabetes can be reversed and normalized with diet pattern alterations, with sustained weight loss, and with regular exercise. Nevertheless, prediabetes features glycation events, which are known to be harmful if left to progress and accumulate.

Actions. All three of these metabolic disorders are real. All three feature abnormalities of glucose metabolism. All three feature glycation events. The glycation events are the harmful and hurtful consequences of altered glucose metabolism. Action is essential. Action begins with awareness and with understanding. Action hinges on consuming small and smaller quantities of simple carbohydrates at any and every meal, of avoiding sugary snacks and drinks, and obtaining expert diagnosis, counsel and management of your particular condition. Know this and do this.

Rex Mahnensmith is a practicing Internal Medicine Physician who has special concern for persons with diabetes, prediabetes, glucose intolerance, and body weight concerns. He believes that prevention is key and awareness is essential.


Does Diabetes During Pregnancy Affect the Infant’s Brain Development?

download (73)Can Gestational diabetes, the kind associated with pregnancy, hold back the development of a child’s brain? Scientists at the University of Queensland in Australia cautiously speculate this could be the case. In May of 2016, the medical journal Pediatrics reported on a review of fourteen studies looking at brain development in children aged 12 and under. Unfortunately, the studies used different tests of brain function, so the results were not the same. Here’s how it broke down…

  • two studies found the children born from a Gestational diabetes pregnancy, did more poorly on tests than children born as the result of a healthy pregnancy.
  • ten studies looked at children of mothers with prepregnancy diabetes and Gestational diabetes. Six of the studies found the children from a diabetes pregnancy scored lower on tests of intellectual development than children of a healthy pregnancy.

From the above results, it was concluded the mother’s pregnancy might be related to poor intellectual development in their baby. They recommend more studies before we can be sure.

Regardless of the decision finally reached regarding Gestational diabetes and intellectual development, there are other good reasons for preventing or controlling the condition. More than half of the women diagnosed with diabetes during their pregnancy will develop Type 2 diabetes within 5 to 10 years.

High blood sugar levels in the pregnant mother crosses the placenta into their baby. Sugar is turned into fat in the unborn child just as it is in adults. Infants born to mothers diagnosed with Gestational diabetes can often be overweight. An overweight baby can result in the need for a Cesarean operation, or cause the shoulder to fracture during a vaginal birth. Overweight babies often become obese children and adults, raising their chance of developing Type 2 diabetes.

The following factors put a woman at high risk of developing Gestational diabetes…

  • a family history of Type 2 diabetes,
  • a personal history of delivering a baby 9 pounds or over,
  • being overweight or obese before and during pregnancy,
  • smoking,
  • high blood sugar readings,
  • high blood cholesterol levels,
  • high blood pressure,
  • eating a poor diet,
  • not enough physical activity.

Family and personal health history cannot be changed, but they alert us for the need to take precautions…

  • normalize weight. If your weight is healthy, keep it that way.
  • do not smoke. If you already do, then see your doctor or consult the CDC’s website for tips.
  • eat a diet rich in vegetables, fruits, nuts, and beans.
  • have your blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar checked on a regular basis during your pregnancy.
  • physical activity helps with all the above. Find an activity that doesn’t seem like a chore and keep it up.

Although managing your disease can be very challenging, Type 2 diabetes is not a condition you must just live with. You can make simple changes to your daily routine and lower both your weight and your blood sugar levels. Hang in there, the longer you do it, the easier it gets.



Cell and Tissue Injury From Glucose Glycation Reactions Occurs in Both Prediabetes and Diabetes

download (71)Glucose absorbed from our food has a programmed journey. First, glucose enters our blood stream across our intestinal cells; then glucose travels to all tissues and cells, where it will cross cell membranes and enter the cell interior. Insulin is the essential hormone that facilitates the entry of glucose into our cells and tissues. Once in the cell interior, glucose enters the glycolysis pathway (lysis or breakdown of glucose), yielding carbon dioxide and water. Along this pathway, energy molecules form, which in turn, provide reaction energy for other essential cellular life processes.

Type 1 Diabetes. However, glucose will linger in the blood stream if cell uptake is sluggish. Sluggish cellular uptake of glucose happens when insulin secretion – and insulin presence at cell membranes – is inadequate. This is termed “insulin lack”. Though “insulin lack” is valid as an explanation, it is more appropriate to state that there is relative “insulin insufficiency” for the load of circulating glucose, for insulin is never at a “0” concentration – rather its concentration is lower than normal values and stimulation insulin secretion is abnormally low, too. This state exists in “Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.” Or to say it another way, Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus” is the accurate diagnosis when glucose circulates at higher than normal blood concentrations, and insulin secretion is below normal. In this context, glucose will circulate longer and at higher than normal concentrations, and in essence, cells “starve” in the “midst of plenty.” Glucose is available but not moving into cell interiors where it is needed because of inadequate insulin presence.

Type 2 Diabetes. Glucose entry into cells can be slow and glucose concentrations in the blood remain higher than normal if tissue cells are “insulin resistant.” In this context, insulin is present but the cell is not responsive or is not fully responsive to the insulin. Then, again, glucose is available outside the tissue cells, but is not moving into the cell interiors, and again, the cell is “starving” in the “midst of plenty” of energy food. In Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, glucose concentrations in the blood are higher than normal, and insulin concentrations are also higher than normal. Tissue cells are “insulin resistant,” and thus the pancreas secretes more and more insulin. Still, though, because of tissue cell “insulin resistance,” the super-normal concentrations of insulin are not sufficient to transport the glucose load from blood into tissue cells, and hyperglycemia persists.

Glycation Events. In both Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes, the presence of elevated glucose concentrations for prolonged periods of time leads to random “glycation events.” As explained in prior articles, glycation is a random reaction whereby a glucose molecule attaches without enzyme facilitation or mediation to a protein or lipoprotein molecule. Glycation is not governed. Glycation is not healthy. Glycation changes the nature of the affected protein or lipoprotein in a non-healthy way. Glycation is not desirable and is harmful. Glycation events that accumulate are irreversible and are the dreaded consequences of “insulin lack” and “insulin resistance.” Glycation events occur because of higher-than-normal blood glucose concentrations.

Prediabetes. Prediabetes is now recognized as a true metabolic disorder where glucose circulates transiently at higher than normal concentrations following a meal and random glycation events begin to accumulate. Prediabetes is diagnosed by higher than normal fasting glucose concentrations OR by the discovery of abnormal concentrations of “glycated hemoglobin” in the red blood cells that circulate. Glycated hemoglobin at barely higher-than-normal concentrations is the principal indicator of a prediabetic state. It is important to realize that the discovery of slightly elevated glycated hemoglobin concentrations in the blood stream not only reveals abnormal glucose management by our bodies – but this is revealing glycation events. And, glycation events are the dreaded consequence of elevated blood glucose concentrations – and the means of organ and vascular injury from diabetes. Thus, prediabetes not just heralds disease. Prediabetes, as indicated by slightly elevated glycated hemoglobin levels, is signaling disease and disorder that requires action. This same glycation event that is occurring on hemoglobin is occurring on proteins of vascular cell walls of every tissue in the prediabetic state. It is mild and minimal in the prediabetic state, but real and additive and progressive. Tissues are harmed and more harm will ensue unless the prediabetic state is remedied. Action is required.



Why and When To Be Tested for Prediabetes

download (70)Type 2 diabetes is not identified as often as it could be, given how much we understand about the disease. But, at least society as a whole is aware of the condition. Most people know it’s brought on by high blood sugar levels as the result of insulin resistance. While many people continue to underestimate the disease, at least there’s a feeling of familiarity when the topic is raised.

Unfortunately, fewer adults are aware of prediabetes, which is the condition that exists when you have a blood sugar reading of 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 7 mmol/L). This reading is not quite high enough to give a diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes. As a result, many adults will be afflicted with full-blown Type 2 diabetes because they are not aware they have gradually rising blood sugar levels.

It is always important to stop a disease in its early stages. In the case with many cancers, precautions are taken and everything that can be done is carried out to increase an individual’s chances of overcoming the disease. While Type 2 diabetes isn’t in the same class as cancer, prediabetes can be reversed when identified. This is as blood sugar levels start to rise along with insulin levels. The insulin levels rise in an attempt to force the sugar out of your bloodstream and into your cells. It’s these rising levels of insulin that cause weight gain.

Aside from elevated blood sugar levels, there are several factors typically characterizing a Type 2 diabetic…

  • they are usually but not always, overweight or obese, and
  • are physically inactive with poor eating habits.

Usually, uncontrollable factors are involved, such as a family history of diabetes. But it bears mentioning it’s the controllable elements that will always play a more prominent role.

What underlies the condition as a whole is high blood sugar, which can be treated by…

  • improving your food choices,
  • increasing physical activity, and
  • losing weight.

Which means attention needs be given to your blood sugar levels as you determine your chances of developing Type 2 diabetes in the short-term.

If you are an adult, you owe it to yourself to be tested for prediabetes. It becomes especially critical to get tested as you age into your 30’s and beyond, especially if you are overweight.

Type 2 diabetes typically affects those aged 45 and older. But since society as a whole is not as healthy as it once was, prediabetes can indeed begin to develop much earlier than we have come to expect.

Schedule an appointment with your doctor. He will order a fasting blood sugar test which will give you the information your need to avoid the devastating consequences of unmanaged prediabetes.

Although managing your disease can be very challenging, Type 2 diabetes is not a condition you must just live with. You can make simple changes to your daily routine and lower both your weight and your blood sugar levels. Hang in there, the longer you do it, the easier it gets.


Which Medication Is Best for Preventing Diabetic Eye Disease

images (22)Scientists at the Ajou University School of Medicine and several Research Institutions in Korea found the class of medicines known as the gliptins slowed the development of diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy is the most common kind of eye disease in people who have been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. In this research it was revealed 7 out of 28 Type 2 diabetics showed a slower development of diabetic retinopathy. In June of 2016, the journal Retina, reported 25 percent of the diabetics taking gliptins, while 26 of 54 diabetics, almost half the diabetics taking other antidiabetic medications, showed the usual disease progression. The researchers suggested gliptins could be helpful for slowing diabetic retinopathy, and that further studies are warranted.

Gliptins make up a class of oral antihyperglycemic or antidiabetic drugs that lower blood sugar by lowering the levels of glucagon, a hormone that raises blood sugar levels, and by slowing stomach emptying. When the stomach empties slowly, blood sugar levels stay even.

The gliptins include…

  • Sitagliptin
  • Saxagliptin
  • Linagliptin
  • Vildagliptin
  • Alogliptin.

The gliptins can cause pancreatitis, so Type 2 diabetics taking one of the drugs in the gliptins range of oral antidiabetic drugs, needs to report severe abdominal pain, sometimes spreading to the back, sometimes with nausea and or vomiting, to their doctor. Kidney disease is also a possibility, so Type 2 diabetics must be tested for kidney function before starting the medication. More common side effects include…

  • cold,
  • cough,
  • a headache, and
  • runny or stuffy nose.

Diabetic retinopathy is a condition in which the back of the eye, where the image of an object being viewed is formed, is damaged. It is the most common form of diabetic eye disease. In developed countries where trachoma is rare, diabetic retinopathy is one of the leading causes of blindness.

There are two stages of retinopathy, nonproliferative and proliferative…

Nonproliferative is the first stage, in which damaged blood vessels leak blood or cholesterol into the center of the eye. Some vessels close down entirely.

In proliferative retinopathy, new vessels form in an attempt to supply oxygen to the eye after the original vessels shut down. The new vessels are abnormal and unable to carry blood competently. They can be accompanied by scar tissue. The macula, near the center of the retina, is responsible for bright light and color vision. In proliferative retinopathy, the macula can become swollen with fluid and vision suffers.The longer a person does not control their blood sugar, the greater is their risk of having diabetic retinopathy. Ways of preventing the condition include…

  • good diabetic control,
  • regular eye examinations and care,
  • a healthy blood pressure,
  • maintaining healthy kidneys, and
  • ensuring your heart is healthy.