Which Medication Is Best for Preventing Diabetic Eye Disease

images (22)Scientists at the Ajou University School of Medicine and several Research Institutions in Korea found the class of medicines known as the gliptins slowed the development of diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy is the most common kind of eye disease in people who have been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. In this research it was revealed 7 out of 28 Type 2 diabetics showed a slower development of diabetic retinopathy. In June of 2016, the journal Retina, reported 25 percent of the diabetics taking gliptins, while 26 of 54 diabetics, almost half the diabetics taking other antidiabetic medications, showed the usual disease progression. The researchers suggested gliptins could be helpful for slowing diabetic retinopathy, and that further studies are warranted.

Gliptins make up a class of oral antihyperglycemic or antidiabetic drugs that lower blood sugar by lowering the levels of glucagon, a hormone that raises blood sugar levels, and by slowing stomach emptying. When the stomach empties slowly, blood sugar levels stay even.

The gliptins include…

  • Sitagliptin
  • Saxagliptin
  • Linagliptin
  • Vildagliptin
  • Alogliptin.

The gliptins can cause pancreatitis, so Type 2 diabetics taking one of the drugs in the gliptins range of oral antidiabetic drugs, needs to report severe abdominal pain, sometimes spreading to the back, sometimes with nausea and or vomiting, to their doctor. Kidney disease is also a possibility, so Type 2 diabetics must be tested for kidney function before starting the medication. More common side effects include…

  • cold,
  • cough,
  • a headache, and
  • runny or stuffy nose.

Diabetic retinopathy is a condition in which the back of the eye, where the image of an object being viewed is formed, is damaged. It is the most common form of diabetic eye disease. In developed countries where trachoma is rare, diabetic retinopathy is one of the leading causes of blindness.

There are two stages of retinopathy, nonproliferative and proliferative…

Nonproliferative is the first stage, in which damaged blood vessels leak blood or cholesterol into the center of the eye. Some vessels close down entirely.

In proliferative retinopathy, new vessels form in an attempt to supply oxygen to the eye after the original vessels shut down. The new vessels are abnormal and unable to carry blood competently. They can be accompanied by scar tissue. The macula, near the center of the retina, is responsible for bright light and color vision. In proliferative retinopathy, the macula can become swollen with fluid and vision suffers.The longer a person does not control their blood sugar, the greater is their risk of having diabetic retinopathy. Ways of preventing the condition include…

  • good diabetic control,
  • regular eye examinations and care,
  • a healthy blood pressure,
  • maintaining healthy kidneys, and
  • ensuring your heart is healthy.